Certiorari Granted

No. 20-1199

Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. v. President and Fellows of Harvard College

from the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit

See other cases from the First Circuit.

Docket Entries

Record requested from the U.S.C.A. 1st Circuit.

Motion of the Solicitor General for leave to participate in oral argument as amicus curiae, for divided argument, and for enlargement of time for oral argument GRANTED. Justice Jackson took no part in the consideration or decision of this motion.

Motion of 25 Harvard Student and Alumni Organizations, out of time, for leave to participate in oral argument as amici curiae, for divided argument, and for enlargement of time for oral argument is DENIED. Justice Jackson took no part in the consideration or decision of this motion.

CIRCULATED

Reply of petitioner Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. filed.

Reply of Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of Professors of Economics submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Professors of Economics filed.(Aug. 16, 2022)

Amicus brief of Empirical Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of Youth Advocates and Experts on Educational Access submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Empirical Scholars filed. VIDED.(Aug. 11, 2022)

Amicus brief of American Council on Education and 39 Other Higher Education Associations submitted.

Amicus brief of National Education Association et al. submitted.

Response of President and Fellows of Harvard College to motion submitted.

Response to motion of 25 Harvard Student and Alumni Organizations from respondent President and Fellows of Harvard College filed.

ARGUMENT SET FOR Monday, October 31, 2022.

Motion of 25 Harvard Student and Alumni Organizations for leave to participate in oral argument as amici curiae, for divided argument, and for enlargement of time for oral argument filed out of time.

Motion of 25 Harvard Student and Alumni Organizations, out of time, for leave to participate in oral argument as amici curiae, for divided argument, and for enlargement of time for oral argument filed.

Motion of 25 Harvard Student and Alumni Organizations for leave to participate in oral argument and for divided argument submitted.

Amicus brief of Human Rights Advocates and Human Rights First submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Adm. Charles S. Abbot, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Applied Materials, Inc., et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of American Civil Liberties Union, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of American Council on Education and 39 Other Higher Education Associations filed. VIDED. (To be reprinted with new PDF submitted.)

Brief amici curiae of Amherst, Barnard, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Multicultural Media, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of The American Psychological Association, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Individual Scientists filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Major American Business Enterprises filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of College Board, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of National Asian Pacific American Bar Association, et al. and National LGBTQ+ Bar Association filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Youth Advocates and Experts on Educational Access filed. VIDED. (Aug. 11, 2022)

Amicus brief of Youth Advocates and Experts on Educational Access not accepted for filing. (Corrected brief and PDF to be submitted.)

Brief amici curiae of American Council on Education and 39 Other Higher Education Associations filed. VIDED. (Aug. 10, 2022)

Brief amici curiae of Empirical Scholars filed. VIDED. (Aug. 11, 2022)

Amici brief of Admissions and Testing Professionals not accepted for filing. (August 31, 2022--Duplicate submission.)

Brief amici curiae of Professors of Economics filed. (Aug. 16, 2022)

Amicus brief of Professors of Economics not accepted for filing. (Corrected brief and PDF to be submitted.)

Brief amici curiae of Youth Advocates and Experts on Educational Access filed. VIDED.(Aug. 11, 2022)

Amicus brief of Youth Advocates and Experts on Educational Access not accepted for filing. (Corrected version submitted)(August 16, 2022)

Amicus brief of Professors of Economics not accepted for filing. (Corrected version submitted)(August 16, 2022)

Brief amici curiae of American Council on Education and 39 Other Higher Education Associations filed. VIDED.(Aug. 10, 2022)

Amicus brief of Empirical Scholars not accepted for filing. (Corrected brief and PDF to be submitted-- August 11, 2022)

Amicus brief of National Education Association et al. not accepted for filing. (Corrected version submitted-- August 10, 2022)

Brief amici curiae of College Board National Association for College Admission Counseling, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of National Education Association et al. filed. VIDED.

Amicus brief of National Education Association et al. not accepted for filing. (Corrected version submitted)(August 10, 2022)

Brief amici curiae of Faith Organizations, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Black Women Law Scholars filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Adm. Charles S. Abbot, Adm. Dennis C. Blair, Gen. Charles F. Bolden, Jr., Gen. Thomas P. Bostick, Gen. Vincent K. Brooks, Adm. Walter E. Carter, Jr., et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Massachusetts et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Professors of History and Law filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Applied Materials, Inc., Corteva Agriscience, Cummins Inc., DuPont de Nemours, Inc., Gilead Sciences, Inc., LinkedIn Corp., Mastercard Inc., Micron Technology, Inc., Microsoft Corp., Shell USA, Inc., and Verizon Services Corp. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Brown University, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Legal Scholars Defending Race-Conscious Admissions filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The University of Michigan filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Deans of U.S. Law Schools filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of American Civil Liberties Union et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of National Association of Basketball Coaches, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of American Council on Education and 39 Other Higher Education Associations filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Southern Governors filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Robert C. "Bobby" Scott, Member of Congress, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Washington Bar Association, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of American Federation of Teachers filed. VIDED.

Motion of the Solicitor General for leave to participate in oral argument as amicus curiae, for divided argument, and for enlargement of time for oral argument filed.

Motion of the Solicitor General for leave to participate in oral argument as amicus curiae and for divided argument filed.

Brief amici curiae of Amherst, Barnard, Bates, Bowdoin, Bryn Mawr, Carleton, Colby, Connecticut, Davidson, Franklin & Marshall, Hamilton, Hampshire, Haverford, Macalester, Middlebury, Mount Holyoke, Oberlin, Pomona, Reed, Sarah Lawrence, Smith, St. Olaf, Swarthmore, Trinity, U filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The Law Firm Antiracism Alliance filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Multicultural Media, Telecom and Internet Council, Inc., National Association of Black Owned Broadcasters, National Hispanic Foundation for The Arts, Emma Bowen Foundation for Minority Interests In Media, and National Newspaper Publishers Association filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of President and Chancellors of the University of California filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Students and Alumni of Harvard College filed.

Brief amici curiae of United States Senators and Former Senators filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of College Board National Association for College Admission Counseling, American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers, and Act, Inc. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of United States filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Constitutional Accountability Center filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Georgetown University, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Deborah Cohen and 67 Other Professors filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of American G.I. Forum, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of National Academy of Education filed. VIDED.

Amicus brief of National Association of Basketball Coaches, Women's Basketball Coaches Association, Geno Auriemma, Michael Krzyzewski, Nolan Richardson, Bill Self, Tara Vanderveer, Roy Williams, and 342 Additional Current or Former College Head Basketball Coaches submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of HBCU Leaders and National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of American Association for Access, Equity and Diversity and Fund for Leadership, Equity, Access and Diversity filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Asian Americans Advancing Justice, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of National Women's Law Center and 37 Additional Organizations Committed to Race and Gender Equality filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of National Black Law Students Association filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Admissions and Testing Professionals filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of American Educational Research Association, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of National School Boards Association, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of The American Psychological Association, The Massachusetts Psychological Association, and The North Carolina Psychological Association filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Anti-Defamation League filed.

Brief amicus curiae of The American Bar Association filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of National Asian Pacific American Bar Association, et al. filed. VIDED.

Amicus brief of The LawFirm Antiracism Alliance submitted.

Motion of United States for leave to participate in oral argument and for divided argument submitted.

Amicus brief of United States submitted.

Amicus brief of Adm. Charles S. Abbot, Adm. Dennis C. Blair, Gen. Charles F. Bolden, Jr., Gen. Thomas P. Bostick, Gen. Vincent K. Brooks, Adm. Walter E. Carter, Jr., et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of American Council on Education and 39 Other Higher Education Associations submitted.

Amicus brief of Brief of the National Association of Basketball Coaches, Women's Basketball Coaches Association, Geno Auriemma, Michael Krzyzewski, Nolan Richardson, Bill Self, Tara Vanderveer, Roy Williams, and 342 Additional Current or Former College Head Basketball Coaches submitted.

Amicus brief of Asian Americans Advancing Justice and 37 Organizations submitted.

Amicus brief of Amherst, Barnard, Bates, Bowdoin, Bryn Mawr, Carleton, Colby, Connecticut, Davidson, Franklin & Marshall, Hamilton, Hampshire, Haverford, Macalester, Middlebury, Mount Holyoke, Oberlin, Pomona, Reed, Sarah Lawrence, Smith, St. Olaf, Swarthmore, Trinity, Union, Vassar, Wellesley, and Williams Colleges, and Bucknell, Clark, Tufts, Washington & Lee, and Wesleyan Universities submitted.

Amicus brief of College Board National Association for College Admission Counseling, American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers, and Act, Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of Empirical Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of Students and Alumni of Harvard College submitted.

Amicus brief of Southern Governors submitted.

Amicus brief of American Federation of Teachers submitted.

Amicus brief of National Academy of Education submitted.

Amicus brief of United States Senators and Former Senators submitted.

Amicus brief of Multicultural Media, Telecom and Internet Council, Inc., National Association of Black Owned Broadcasters, National Hispanic Foundation for The Arts, Emma Bowen Foundation for Minority Interests In Media, and National Newspaper Publishers Association submitted.

Amicus brief of Professors of History and Law submitted.

Amicus brief of Deans of U.S. Law Schools submitted.

Amicus brief of American Association for Access, Equity and Diversity and Fund for Leadership, Equity, Access and Diversity submitted.

Amicus brief of The University of Michigan submitted.

Amicus brief of Washington Bar Association and Women's Bar Association of the District of Columbia submitted.

Amicus brief of Black Women Law Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of Massachusetts et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of The American Psychological Association, The Massachusetts Psychological Association, and The North Carolina Psychological Association submitted.

Amicus brief of Lisa Racquel Corrales, Joshua Paul Tan, Daniel Harlow, Graham White, Keivan Stassun, Kathryne J. Daniel, Laura A. Lopez, Marcel Agueros, Dara Norman, Rachel Ivie, Jami Valentine Miller, Jesus Pando submitted.

Amicus brief of National Black Law Students Association submitted.

Amicus brief of Brown University, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of National Women's Law Center and 37 Additional Organizations Committed to Race and Gender Equality submitted.

Amicus brief of HBCU Leaders and National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education submitted.

Amicus brief of American G.I. Forum, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Robert C. "Bobby" Scott, Member of Congress and 64 Other Members of Congress submitted.

Amicus brief of Legal Scholars Defending Race-Conscious Admissions submitted.

Amicus brief of Robert C. "Booby" Scott, Member of Congress and 64 Other Members of Congress submitted.

Amicus brief of Faith Organizations including The General Synod - United Church of Christ, American Baptist Home Mission Societies & African Descent Lutheran Association of the ELCA submitted.

Amicus brief of National Center for Fair & Open Testing, Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of Accept, Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of Association of College Counselors in Independent Schools, Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of National Asian Pacific American Bar Association and National LGBTQ+ Bar Association submitted.

Amicus brief of President and Chancellors of the University of California submitted.

Amicus brief of Major American Business Enterprises submitted.

Amicus brief of Georgetown University, Boston College, The Catholic University of America, College of the Holy Cross, DePaul University, Fordham University, Marquette University, University of Notre Dame, Villanova University and 48 Additional Catholic Colleges and Universities submitted.

Amicus brief of Professors of Economics submitted.

Amicus brief of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Youth Advocates and Experts on Educational Access submitted.

Amicus brief of National School Boards Association, National Association of Elementary School Principals, American Association of School Administrators, and American School Counselors Association submitted.

Amicus brief of Applied Materials, Inc., Corteva Agriscience, Cummins Inc., DuPont de Nemours, Inc., Gilead Sciences, Inc., LinkedIn Corp., Mastercard Inc., Micron Technology, Inc., Microsoft Corp., Shell USA, Inc., and Verizon Services Corp. submitted.

Amicus brief of American Educational Research Association, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of American Civil Liberties Union et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Deborah Cohen submitted.

Amicus brief of Anti-Defamation League submitted.

Amicus brief of The American Bar Association submitted.

Amicus brief of Constitutional Accountability Center submitted.

Amicus brief of National Education Association et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund submitted.

Amicus brief of HR Policy Association submitted.

Brief amicus curiae of Professor F. Andrew Hessick filed. VIDED.

Amicus brief of F. Andrew Hessick submitted.

Amicus brief of The Council of the Great City Schools submitted.

Amicus brief of 1,241 Social Scientists and Scholars on College Access, Asian American Studies, and Race submitted.

Amicus brief of 25 Diverse, California-Focused Bar Associations, Lawyers Associations, Civil Rights Organizations, and Community Foundations submitted.

Amicus brief of Human Rights Clinic submitted.

Amicus brief of Human Rights Clinic not accepted for filing. (August 01, 2022)

Amicus brief of Human Rights Clinic not accepted for filing. (August 01, 2022 - to be reprinted and resubmitted for cover error.)

Brief amici curiae of 1,241 Social Scientists and Scholars on College Access, et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of F. Andrew Hessick filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of 25 Diverse, California-Focused Bar Associations, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of HR Policy Association filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The Council of the Great City Schools filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Association of American Medical Colleges et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Association of American Medical Colleges, et al. filed. VIDED.

Amicus brief of Association of American Medical Colleges et al. submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Human Rights Advocates, et al. filed. VIDED. (Aug. 3, 2022)

Amici brief of Human Rights Advocates, et al. not accepted for filing. (July 29, 2022 - to be reprinted and resubmitted for cover error.)

Brief amici curiae of Human Rights Advocates and Human Rights First filed. VIDED.

Brief of respondent President and Fellows of Harvard College filed.

Brief amici curiae of 25 Harvard Student and Alumni Organizations filed.

This case is no longer consolidated with No. 21-707, Students for Fair Admissions v. University of NC, et al., and one hour is allotted for oral argument. Justice Jackson took no part in the consideration of this order.

Brief amicus curiae of David Boyle filed. VIDED.

Motion of respondents Cecilia Polanco, et al. for leave to file Volume IV of the joint appendix in No. 21-707 under seal GRANTED.

Brief amici curiae of Judicial Watch, Inc. and Allied Educational Foundation filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Oklahoma, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Project 21 filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Gail Heriot, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Mark Keith Robinson and Winsome Earle-Sears filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Defense of Freedom Institute for Policy Studies filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Economists in Support of Petitioner filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Parents Defending Education filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Hamilton Lincoln Law Institute filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Ann M. Killenbeck, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Richard Sander filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Freedom X filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Foundation Against Intolerance & Racism filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Jewish Coalition for Religious Liberty in support of neither party filed.

Brief amicus curiae of America First Legal Foundation in support of neither party filed.

Brief amici curiae of American Center for Law & Justice and Devon Westhill filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Veterans for Fairness and Merit filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of United States Senators and Representatives filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of The Asian American Coalition For Education and The Asian American Legal Foundation filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The Californians for Equal Rights Foundation filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The State of Texas filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Legal Insurrection Foundation filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Former Attorney General Edwin Meese III filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Claremont Institutes Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed.VIDED

Brief amici curiae of Former Federal Officials of the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of National Association of Scholars filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Speech First filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of LONANG Institute filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law and the Silicon Valley Chinese Association Foundation filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Professor Fiona A. Harrison in Support of Neither Party filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Southeastern Legal Foundation filed (in 20-1199).

Brief amici curiae of The Liberty Justice Center and Momoko Takahashi filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Professor David E. Bernstein filed. VIDED.

Proposal of petitioner to lodge declarations of SFFA President and identified members recently denied admission to Harvard and UNC filed. VIDED.

Joint appendix (3 volumes) filed. (in 21-707)

Motion for leave to file Volume IV of the joint appendix under seal filed by respondents Cecilia Polanco, et al. (as to 21-707).

Joint appendix (4 Volumes) filed (as to 20-1199).

Brief of petitioner Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. filed. VIDED.

Blanket Consent filed by Respondent, The University of North Carolina, et al.

Blanket Consent filed by Respondent, President and Fellows of Harvard College

Blanket Consent filed (in 21-707) by Respondent, Cecilia Polanco, et al.

Blanket Consent filed by Petitioner, Students for Fair Admissions, Inc.

Application (21A393) of petitioner to file consolidated opening and reply briefs on the merits in excess of the word limits granted by The Chief Justice. VIDED.

Notice of Change of Address of Speech First not accepted for filing. (February 15, 2022)

Joint motion to extend the time to file the briefs on the merits granted. The time to file the joint appendix and petitioner's brief on the merits is extended to and including May 2, 2022. The time to file respondents' briefs on the merits is extended to and including July 25, 2022. VIDED.

Joint motion for an extension of time to file the briefs on the merits filed. VIDED.

Application (21A393) of petitioner to file consolidated opening and reply briefs on the merits in excess of the word limits, submitted to The Chief Justice. VIDED.

Petition GRANTED. The petition for a writ of certiorari in No. 21-707 is granted. The cases are consolidated, and a total of one hour is allotted for oral argument. VIDED.

Because the Court has consolidated these cases for briefing and oral argument, future filings and activity in the cases will now be reflected on the docket of No. 20-1199. Subsequent filings in these cases must therefore be submitted through the electronic filing system in No. 20-1199. Each document submitted in connection with one or more of these cases must include on its cover the case number and caption for each case in which the filing is intended to be submitted. Where a filing is submitted in fewer than all of the cases, the docket entry will reflect the case number(s) in which the filing is submitted; a document filed in all of the consolidated cases will be noted as “VIDED.”

DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/21/2022.

DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/14/2022.

Supplemental brief of petitioner Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. filed. (Distributed)

DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/7/2022.

Supplemental brief of respondent President and Fellows of Harvard College filed. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of United States filed.

Amicus brief of United States not accepted for filing. (December 09, 2021 - to be corrected and reprinted)

The Acting Solicitor General is invited to file a brief in this case expressing the views of the United States.

DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 6/10/2021.

Reply of petitioner Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. filed. (Distributed)

Letter waiving the 14-day waiting period for the filing of a reply pursuant to Rule 15.5 filed.

Brief of respondent President and Fellows of Harvard College in opposition filed.

Brief amici curiae of State of Oklahoma, et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Former Attorney General Edwin Meese III filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed.

Brief amici curiae of The Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law and the Silicon Valley Chinese Association Foundation filed.

Brief amicus curiae of The Liberty Justice Center filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Former Federal Officials of the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights filed.

Brief amicus curiae of The Californians for Equal Rights Foundation filed.

Brief amici curiae of The Asian American Coalition For Education and The Asian American Legal Foundation filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Richard Sander in support of neither filed.

Brief amici curiae of Judicial Watch, Inc. and Allied Educational Foundation filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Jewish Coalition for Religious Liberty filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Hamilton Lincoln Law Institute filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Texas filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Speech First filed.

Brief amici curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation, Reason Foundation, Center for Equal Opportunity, Individual Rights Foundation, Chinese American Citizens Alliance - Greater New York, Coalition for TJ, and Yi Fang Chen filed.

Brief amicus curiae of National Association of Scholars filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Economists in Support of Petitioner filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Southeastern Legal Foundation filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Professor David E. Bernstein filed.

Brief amici curiae of Gail Heriot and Peter N. Kirsanow filed.

Petition for a writ of certiorari filed. (Response due March 31, 2021)

Parties

Students for Fair Admissions, Inc., Petitioner, represented by William Spencer Consovoy

Cecilia Polanco, et al., Respondent, represented by David G. Hinojosa

President and Fellows of Harvard College, Respondent, represented by Seth P. Waxman

The University of North Carolina, et al., Respondent, represented by Ryan Young Park

Amici Curiae

1,241 Social Scientists and Scholars on College Access, Asian American Studies, and Race, Amicus Curiae, represented by Daniel Hirotsu Woofter

25 Diverse, California-Focused Bar Associations, Lawyers Associations, Civil Rights Organizations, and Community Foundations, Amicus Curiae, represented by Mark Remy Yohalem

25 Harvard Student and Alumni Organizations, Amicus Curiae, represented by Michaele N Turnage Young

Accept, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Daniel Dennis Doyle

Admissions and Testing Professionals, Amicus Curiae, represented by Daniel Dennis Doyle

America First Legal Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jonathan F. Mitchell

American Center for Law & Justice and Devon Westhill, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jay Alan Sekulow

American Civil Liberties Union et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Sarah Ann Hinger

American Council on Education and 39 Other Higher Education Associations, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jessica Lynn Ellsworth

American Educational Research Association, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Angelo N. Ancheta

Ann M. Killenbeck and Mark R. Killenbeck, Amicus Curiae, represented by Stuart S. Taylor Jr.

Anti-Defamation League, Amicus Curiae, represented by Samuel Pianko Groner

Applied Materials, Inc., Corteva Agriscience, Cummins Inc., DuPont de Nemours, Inc., Gilead Sciences, Inc., LinkedIn Corp., Mastercard Inc., Micron Technology, Inc., Microsoft Corp., Shell USA, Inc., and Verizon Services Corp., Amicus Curiae, represented by Mark Simon Davies

Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund, Amicus Curiae, represented by Dean Richlin

Association of American Medical Colleges et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Jonathan Saul Franklin

Association of College Counselors in Independent Schools, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Daniel Dennis Doyle

Brown University, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Matthew S. Hellman

Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence, Amicus Curiae, represented by Anthony Thomas Caso

College Board National Association for College Admission Counseling, American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers, and Act, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Michael Alan Brown

College Board, National Association for College Admission Counseling, American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers, and Act, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Michael Alan Brown

Constitutional Accountability Center, Amicus Curiae, represented by Brianne Jenna Gorod

Defense of Freedom Institute for Policy Studies, Amicus Curiae, represented by John Clay Sullivan

Economists in Support of Petitioner, Amicus Curiae, represented by C. Boyden Gray

Faith Organizations including The General Synod - United Church of Christ, American Baptist Home Mission Societies & African Descent Lutheran Association of the ELCA, Amicus Curiae, represented by Corrine Anetra Irish

F. Andrew Hessick, Amicus Curiae, represented by Richard A. Simpson

Former Attorney General Edwin Meese III, Amicus Curiae, represented by Edward Mark Wenger

Former Federal Officials of the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights, Amicus Curiae, represented by William E. Trachman

Foundation Against Intolerance & Racism, Amicus Curiae, represented by Mary Elizabeth Keane

Freedom X, Amicus Curiae, represented by Mitchell Keiter

Gail Heriot and Peter N. Kirsanow, Amicus Curiae, represented by Peter Nicholas Kirsanow

Hamilton Lincoln Law Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Theodore Harold Frank

HBCU Leaders and National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education, Amicus Curiae, represented by Laurel Pyke Malson

HR Policy Association, Amicus Curiae, represented by George Roger King

Human Rights Advocates and Human Rights First, Amicus Curiae, represented by Constance de la Vega

Jewish Coalition for Religious Liberty, Amicus Curiae, represented by John J. Bursch

Judicial Watch, Inc. and Allied Educational Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by H. Christopher Coates

Legal Insurrection Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by William Alan Jacobson

Legal Scholars Defending Race-Conscious Admissions, Amicus Curiae, represented by Vinay Vasdev Harpalani

Lisa Racquel Corrales, Joshua Paul Tan, Daniel Harlow, Graham White, Keivan Stassun, Kathryne J. Daniel, Laura A. Lopez, Marcel Agueros, Dara Norman, Rachel Ivie, Jami Valentine Miller, Jesus Pando, Amicus Curiae, represented by Ashley Lee Hogewood

LONANG Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Kerry Lee Morgan

Major American Business Enterprises, Amicus Curiae, represented by Michael R. Dreeben

Mark Keith Robinson and Winsome Earle-Sears, Amicus Curiae, represented by Thomas L. Brejcha Jr.

Massachusetts et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Elizabeth Napier Dewar

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Douglas Harry Hallward-Driemeier

Multicultural Media, Telecom and Internet Council, Inc., National Association of Black Owned Broadcasters, National Hispanic Foundation for The Arts, Emma Bowen Foundation for Minority Interests In Media, and National Newspaper Publishers Association, Amicus Curiae, represented by Emily Kanstroom Musgrave

National Academy of Education, Amicus Curiae, represented by Yelena Konanova

National Asian Pacific American Bar Association and National LGBTQ+ Bar Association, Amicus Curiae, represented by Daniel H. Bromberg

National Association of Scholars, Amicus Curiae, represented by Dennis J. Saffran

National Black Law Students Association, Amicus Curiae, represented by Deborah N. Archer

National Center for Fair & Open Testing, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Daniel Dennis Doyle

Oklahoma, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Mithun Mansinghani

Pacific Legal Foundation, Reason Foundation, Center for Equal Opportunity, Individual Rights Foundation, Chinese American Citizens Alliance - Greater New York, Coalition for TJ, and Yi Fang Chen, Amicus Curiae, represented by Wencong Fa

Parents Defending Education, Amicus Curiae, represented by Christopher Ernest Mills

President and Chancellors of the University of California, Amicus Curiae, represented by Ginger D. Anders

Professor David E. Bernstein, Amicus Curiae, represented by Cory Ren Liu

Professor Fiona A. Harrison, Amicus Curiae, represented by Alan B. Morrison

Professors of Economics, Amicus Curiae, represented by Derek T. Ho

Professors of History and Law, Amicus Curiae, represented by Kathleen Roberta Hartnett

Project 21, Amicus Curiae, represented by David H. Thompson

Richard Sander, Amicus Curiae, represented by Stuart S. Taylor Jr.

Robert C. "Bobby" Scott, Member of Congress and 64 Other Members of Congress, Amicus Curiae, represented by Brigida Benitez

Robert C. "Booby" Scott, Member of Congress and 64 Other Members of Congress, Amicus Curiae, represented by Brigida Benitez

Southeastern Legal Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Kimberly Stewart Hermann

Southern Governors, Amicus Curiae, represented by Charles Luther McCloud

Speech First, Amicus Curiae, represented by Bradley Alan Benbrook

The Asian American Coalition For Education and The Asian American Legal Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Gordon M. Fauth Jr.

The Californians for Equal Rights Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Daniel Isaac Morenoff

The Council of the Great City Schools, Amicus Curiae, represented by John W. Borkowski

The Liberty Justice Center and Momoko Takahashi, Amicus Curiae, represented by Daniel Robert Suhr

The Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law and the Silicon Valley Chinese Association Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jonathan Andrew Vogel

The State of Texas, Amicus Curiae, represented by Judd Edward Stone II

The University of Michigan, Amicus Curiae, represented by John Patrick Elwood

United States, Amicus Curiae, represented by Elizabeth B. Prelogar

United States Senators and Former Senators, Amicus Curiae, represented by Robert Allen Long Jr.

United States Senators and Representatives, Amicus Curiae, represented by Richard Shawn Gunnarson

Veterans for Fairness and Merit, Amicus Curiae, represented by Gene Clayton Schaerr

Washington Bar Association and Women's Bar Association of the District of Columbia, Amicus Curiae, represented by Upnit K. Bhatti

Youth Advocates and Experts on Educational Access, Amicus Curiae, represented by Kelly M. Dermody

 
Last updated: September 30, 2022