Certiorari Granted

No. 21-476

303 Creative LLC, et al. v. Aubrey Elenis, et al.

from the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit

See other cases from the Tenth Circuit.

Docket Entries

Record requested from the U.S.C.A. 10th Circuit.

CIRCULATED.

SET FOR ARGUMENT on Monday, December 5, 2022.

Motion of the Solicitor General for leave to participate in oral argument as amicus curiae, for divided argument, and for enlargement of time for oral argument GRANTED.

Reply of 303 Creative LLC, et al. submitted.

Reply of petitioners 303 Creative LLC, et al. filed.

Amicus brief of Former U.S. Representative Anthony (“Tony”) Coelho, The Association of Late Deafened Adults, The Autistic Self Advocacy Network, The Civil Rights Education And Enforcement Center, Disability Rights Advocates, Disability Rights Bar Association, The Disability Rights Education & Defense Fund, The Judge David L. Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, Lighthouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired of San Francisco, National Association of the Deaf, and National Federation of the Blind submitted.

Amicus brief of Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars not accepted for filing. (August 25, 2022)

Amicus brief of Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars not accepted for filing. (Dupilicate submission)(August 25, 2022)

Amicus brief of 30 Religious, Civil Rights, and Grassroots Organizations submitted.

Brief amici curiae of 30 Religious, Civil Rights, and Grassroots Organizations filed. (Aug. 26, 2022)

Brief amici curiae of Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars filed.

Brief amici curiae of 30 Religious, Civil Rights, and Grassroots Organizations filed. (Aug. 26, 2022)

Amicus brief of 30 Religious, Civil Rights, and Grassroots Organizations not accepted for filing.(Corrected version submitted) (August 23, 2022)

Brief amici curiae of National League of Cities, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of First Amendment Scholars (Eight) filed.

Brief amici curiae of First Amendment Scholars (Six) filed.

Amicus brief of 137 Members of Congress submitted.

Motion of the Solicitor General for leave to participate in oral argument as amicus curiae, for divided argument, and for enlargement of time for oral argument filed.

Brief amici curiae of Massachusetts, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Former U.S. Representative Anthony (“Tony”) Coelho, et al. filed. (Aug. 30, 2022)

Amicus brief of Former U.S. Representative Anthony (“Tony”) Coelho, et al. not accepted for filing. (Corrected brief and PDF submitted.)

Brief amici curiae of Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars filed. (Aug. 26, 2022)

Amicus brief of Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars not accepted for filing. (Corrected brief and PDF submitted.)

Amicus brief of 30 Religious, Civil Rights, and Grassroots Organizations not accepted for filing. (Corrected brief and PDF submitted.)

Brief amici curiae of Former U.S. Representative Anthony (“Tony”) Coelho, et al. (Aug. 30, 2022) filed.

Amicus brief of Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars not accepted for filing.(Corrected version submitted) (August 23, 2022)

Amicus brief of Former U.S. Representative Anthony (“Tony”) Coelho, et al. not accepted for filing. (Corrected version submitted)(August 23, 2022)

Brief amici curiae of Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars (Aug. 26, 2022) filed.

Amicus brief of Modern Military Association of America and Minority Veterans of America submitted.

Amicus brief of DignityUSA, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Brief for Scholars of Behavioral Science and Economics submitted.

Amicus brief of Public Accommodations Law Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders, The Human Rights Campaign, Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., The National Center for Lesbian Rights, and The National LGBTQ Task Force submitted.

Amicus brief of Adventist Forum, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of 27+ Lay Roman Catholics submitted.

Amicus brief of Mayor London Breed and the City and County of San Francisco submitted.

Amicus brief of National League of Cities et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Massachusetts et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of American Bar Association submitted.

Amicus brief of Tobias Barrington Wolff submitted.

Amicus brief of Former U.S. Representative Anthony (“Tony”) Coelho, The Association of Late Deafened Adults, The Autistic Self Advocacy Network, The Civil Rights Education And Enforcement Center, Disability Rights Advocates, Disability Rights Bar Association, The Disability Rights Education & Defense Fund, The Judge David L. Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, Lighthouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired of San Francisco, National Association of the Deaf, and National Federation of the Blind submitted.

Amicus brief of American Civil Liberties Union and American Civil Liberties Union of Colorado submitted.

Amicus brief of Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious submitted.

Amicus brief of First Amendment Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund, Inc. submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Massachusetts et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious filed.

Brief amici curiae of Adventist Forum, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of 137 Members of Congress filed.

Brief amici curiae of First Amendment Scholars filed.

Brief amici curiae of 27+ Lay Roman Catholics filed.

Brief amicus curiae of NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund, Inc. filed.

Brief amici curiae of National League of Cities et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of American Civil Liberties Union, et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of American Bar Association filed.

Brief amici curiae of Scholars of Behavioral Science and Economics filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Tobias Barrington Wolff filed.

Brief amici curiae of First Amendment Scholars filed.

Amicus brief of Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars not accepted for filing. (August 23, 2022)

Amicus brief of 30 Religious, Civil Rights, and Grassroots Organizations not accepted for filing. (August 23, 2022)

Brief amici curiae of Eight First Amendment Scholars filed.

Brief amici curiae of Modern Military Association of America, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Public Accommodations Law Scholars filed.

Brief amicus curiae of United States filed.

Brief amici curiae of American Psychological Association, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, et al. filed.

Amicus brief of Former U.S. Representative Anthony (“Tony”) Coelho, et al. not accepted for filing. (August 23, 2022)

Brief amici curiae of Local Governments and Mayors filed.

Amicus brief of 30 Religious, Civil Rights, and Grassroots Organizations submitted.

Motion of United States for leave to participate in oral argument and for divided argument submitted.

Amicus brief of United States submitted.

Amicus brief of Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of Eight First Amendment Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under, the Anti-Defamation League, the Center for Constitutional Rights, LatinoJustice PRLDEF, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Mississippi Center for Justice, Public Counsel, the Southern Poverty Law Center, and the Washington Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights and Urban Affairs submitted.

Amicus brief of American Psychological Association, National Association of Social Workers, and Colorado Psychological Association submitted.

Brief amici curiae of National Women's Law Center, et al. filed.

Amicus brief of New York State Bar Association submitted.

Amicus brief of The Freedom From Religion Foundation, Center for Inquiry, American Humanist Association and American Atheists submitted.

Brief amici curiae of The Freedom From Religion Foundation, et al. filed.

Amicus brief of Public Citizen submitted.

Brief amici curiae of The Western Jurisdiction of the United Methodist Church, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of The Freedom From Religion Foundation, Center for Inquiry, American Humanist Association and American Atheists filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Public Citizen filed.

Brief amicus curiae of New York State Bar Association filed.

Brief amici curiae of National Women's Law Center et al. filed.

Amicus brief of National Women's Law Center et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of The Western Jurisdiction of the United Methodist Church, et al. submitted.

Brief of Aubrey Elenis, et al. submitted.

Brief of respondents Aubrey Elenis, et al. filed.

Letter pursuant to Rule 35.3 filed.

Letter pursuant to Rule 35.3 of Aubrey Elenis, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of The Freedom and Justice Foundation, Inc. submitted.

Brief amici curiae of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Ethics and Public Policy Center, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of First Amendment Scholars filed.

Amicus brief of First Amendment Scholars not accepted for filing. (June 03, 2022-- incorrect electronic submission, to be resubmitted.)

Brief amici curiae of Creative Professionals and George and Maxine Maynard in support of neither party filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Professor Kent Greenfield in support of neither party filed.

Brief amici curiae of The First Amendment Scholars filed.

Brief amici curiae of Creative Professionals and George and Maxine Maynard in Support of Neither Party filed.

Brief amici curiae of Public Advocate of the United States, et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Association of Certified Biblical Counselors Inc. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Thomas More Law Center filed.

Brief amici curiae of United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Colorado Catholic Conference, The General Council of the Assemblies of God, The General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, and Samaritan’s Purse filed.

Brief amicus curiae of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Christian Family Coalition (CFC) Florida, Inc. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Family Research Council filed.

Brief amicus curiae of The Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights filed.

Brief amici curiae of Arizona, Nebraska, et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Professor Kent Greenfield in Support of Neither Party filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Aaron and Melissa Klein filed.

Brief amicus curiae of CatholicVote.org Education Fund filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Robert P. George filed.

Brief amici curiae of Mountain States Legal Foundation filed.

Brief amici curiae of Law and Economics Scholars filed.

Brief amici curiae of Multimedia Production Professionals filed.

Brief amici curiae of Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, The Association for Biblical Higher Education, and Several Individual Religious Colleges and Universities filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Professor Christopher R. Green filed.

Brief amici curiae of United States Senators and Representatives filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Jewish Coalition for Religious Liberty filed.

Brief amici curiae of 15 Family Policy Organizations filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Walk for Life West Coast, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Scholars of Family and Sexuality filed.

Brief amici curiae of Walk for Life West Coast, et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Young America's Foundation filed.

Brief amici curiae of Life Legal Defense Foundation and Bioethics Defense Fund filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Center for Religious Expression filed.

Amicus brief of First Amendment Scholars not accepted for filing. (June 03, 2022) (Efiler incorrectly filed for First Amendment Scholars - separately efiled as amicus brief for Robert George)

Amicus brief of Robert P. George submitted.

Amicus brief of The First Amendment Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of First Amendment Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of Multimedia Production Professionals submitted.

Amicus brief of Mountain States Legal Foundation submitted.

Amicus brief of The Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights submitted.

Amicus brief of Public Advocate of the United States, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Association of Certified Biblical Counselors Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of Arizona, Nebraska, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of CatholicVote.org Education Fund submitted.

Amicus brief of United States Senators and Representatives submitted.

Amicus brief of United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Colorado Catholic Conference, The General Council of the Assemblies of God, The General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, and Samaritan’s Purse submitted.

Amicus brief of Ethics and Public Policy Center and African American and Civil Rights Organizations submitted.

Amicus brief of Law and Economics Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty submitted.

Amicus brief of Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, The Association for Biblical Higher Education, and Several Individual Religious Colleges and Universities submitted.

Amicus brief of Christian Family Coalition (CFC) Florida, Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of Aaron and Melissa Klein submitted.

Amicus brief of Thomas More Law Center submitted.

Amicus brief of Creative Professionals and George and Maxine Maynard submitted.

Amicus brief of Life Legal Defense Foundation and Bioethics Defense Fund submitted.

Amicus brief of Scholars of Family and Sexuality submitted.

Amicus brief of Professor Christopher R. Green submitted.

Amicus brief of Walk for Life West Coast, Arizona Life Coalition, and Coalition for Life of Iowa submitted.

Amicus brief of 15 Family Policy Organizations submitted.

Amicus brief of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Family Research Council submitted.

Amicus brief of Professor Kent Greenfield submitted.

Amicus brief of Jewish Coalition for Religious Liberty submitted.

Amicus brief of Young America's Foundation submitted.

Amicus brief of Center for Religious Expression submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Christian Legal Society and Free Speech Advocates filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Legal Scholar Adam J. Macleod filed.

Brief amici curiae of C12 Group, et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Liberty Counsel filed.

Amicus brief of Tyndale House Publishers; Peachtree Publishing Services, LLC; The Foundry Publishing; Harvest House Publishers, Inc.; The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago; Warner Press, Inc.; Two Words Publishing, LLC; Blue Ridge Christian News; Tennessee Baptist and Reflector submitted.

Amicus brief of Mark Janus, National National Institute of Family and Life Advocates, Care Net, and Heartbeat International, Inc. submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Tyndale House Publishers, et al. filed.

Amicus brief of Lonang Institute submitted.

Amicus brief of C12 Group, Christian Employers Alliance, and Pinnacle Forum submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Mark Janus, et al. filed.

Amicus brief of Legal Scholar Adam J. Macleod submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Mark Janus, National National Institute of Family and Life Advocates, Care Net, and Heartbeat International, Inc. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Lonang Institute filed.

Brief amici curiae of Tyndale House Publishers; Peachtree Publishing Services, LLC; The Foundry Publishing; Harvest House Publishers, Inc.; The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago; Warner Press, Inc.; Two Words Publishing, LLC; Blue Ridge Christian News; Tennessee Baptist and Ref filed.

Amicus brief of Liberty Counsel submitted.

Amicus brief of Americans for Prosperity Foundation submitted.

Brief amicus curiae of Americans for Prosperity Foundation filed.

Amicus brief of Alabama Center for Law and Liberty submitted.

Brief amici curiae of National Association of Evangelicals, et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Institute for Faith and Family filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Alabama Center for Law and Liberty filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Concerned Women for America filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Website and Graphic Designers in support of neither party filed.

Amicus brief of Christian Legal Society and Free Speech Advocates submitted.

Amicus brief of Website and Graphic Designers submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Prof. Dale Carpenter, et al. filed.

Amicus brief of Prof. Dale Carpenter, Prof. Eugene Volokh, Ilya Shapiro, American Unity Fund, and Hamilton Lincoln Law Institute submitted.

Amicus brief of Institute for Faith and Family submitted.

Amicus brief of Concerned Women for America submitted.

Amicus brief of National Association of Evangelicals, et al. submitted.

Brief amicus curiae of Colorado State Legislators filed.

Brief amicus curiae of The Freedom and Justice Foundation, Inc. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Colorado State Legislators filed.

Amicus brief of Colorado State Legislators submitted.

Joint appendix filed.

Brief of petitioners 303 Creative LLC, et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Claremont Institue's Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed.

Brief amicus curiae of David Boyle in support of neither party filed.

Amicus brief of David Boyle submitted.

Blanket Consent filed by Respondent, Aubrey Elenis, et al.

Motion of the parties to extend the time to file the briefs on the merits granted in part. The time to file the joint appendix and petitioners' brief on the merits is extended to and including May 26, 2022. The time to file respondents' brief on the merits is extended to and including August 12, 2022.

Blanket Consent filed by Petitioner, 303 Creative LLC, et al.

Motion of the parties for an extension of time to file the briefs on the merits filed.

Petition GRANTED limited to the following question: Whether applying a public-accommodation law to compel an artist to speak or stay silent violates the Free Speech Clause of the First Amendment.

DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 2/18/2022.

Supplemental brief of petitioners 303 Creative LLC, et al. filed.

Supplemental brief of respondents Aubrey Elenis, et al. filed.

DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/21/2022.

DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/14/2022.

Reply of petitioners 303 Creative LLC, et al. filed. (Distributed)

DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/7/2022.

Brief of respondents Aubrey Elenis, et al. in opposition filed.

Brief amici curiae of National Religious Broadcasters, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Public Advocate of the United States, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Arizona, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Law and Economics Scholars filed.

Brief amici curiae of Tyndale House Publishers et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed.

Brief amici curiae of United States Senators and Representatives filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Mountain States Legal Foundation filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Public Trust Institute filed.

Brief amici curiae of First Amendment Scholars et al. filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Institute for Free Speech filed.

Brief amici curiae of the Cato Institute, et al. filed.

Brief amici curiae of Institute for Faith and Family and Jewish Coalition for Religious Liberty filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Americans for Prosperity Foundation filed.

Motion to extend the time to file a response is granted in part and the time is extended to and including December 8, 2021.

Motion to extend the time to file a response from October 28, 2021 to December 10, 2021, submitted to The Clerk.

Petition for a writ of certiorari filed. (Response due October 28, 2021)

Parties

303 Creative LLC, et al., Petitioner, represented by Kristen Kellie Waggoner

Aubrey Elenis, et al., Respondent, represented by Eric Reuel Olson

Amici Curiae

137 Members of Congress, Amicus Curiae, represented by Peter T. Barbur

15 Family Policy Organizations, Amicus Curiae, represented by David Austin French

30 Religious, Civil Rights, and Grassroots Organizations, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jessica Lynn Ellsworth

Adventist Forum, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Juan Otoniel Perla

Alabama Center for Law and Liberty, Amicus Curiae, represented by Matthew James Clark

American Civil Liberties Union and American Civil Liberties Union of Colorado, Amicus Curiae, represented by David D. Cole

American Psychological Association, National Association of Social Workers, and Colorado Psychological Association, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jessica Ring Amunson

American Psychological Association, National Association of Social Workers, and Colorado Psychological Association, Amicus Curiae, represented by Tassity Shardae Johnson

Americans for Prosperity Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Cynthia Fleming Crawford

Arizona, Nebraska, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Michael Shawn Catlett

CatholicVote.org Education Fund, Amicus Curiae, represented by Scott William Gaylord

Center for Religious Expression, Amicus Curiae, represented by Nathan W. Kellum

Christian Family Coalition (CFC) Florida, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Dennis Grossman

Christian Legal Society and Free Speech Advocates, Amicus Curiae, represented by Walter M. Weber

Claremont Institue's Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence, Amicus Curiae, represented by Anthony Thomas Caso

Colorado State Legislators, Amicus Curiae, represented by William Wagner

Concerned Women for America, Amicus Curiae, represented by Steven Werner Fitschen

Creative Professionals and George and Maxine Maynard, Amicus Curiae, represented by Miles Edward Coleman

David Boyle, Amicus Curiae, represented by David Christopher Boyle

DignityUSA, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Jessica Lynn Ellsworth

First Amendment Scholars, Amicus Curiae, represented by Brianne Jenna Gorod

First Amendment Scholars, Amicus Curiae, represented by Edward Mark Wenger

First Amendment Scholars (Eight), Amicus Curiae, represented by Meaghan Elizabeth McLaine VerGow

First Amendment Scholars (Six), Amicus Curiae, represented by Brianne Jenna Gorod

Former U.S. Representative Anthony (“Tony”) Coelho, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Sanford Jay Rosen

GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders, The Human Rights Campaign, Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., The National Center for Lesbian Rights, and The National LGBTQ Task Force, Amicus Curiae, represented by Mary L. Bonauto

Ilan H. Meyer, PhD and Other Social Scientists and Legal Scholars, Amicus Curiae, represented by Stephen Blake Kinnaird

Institute for Faith and Family, Amicus Curiae, represented by Deborah Dewart

Institute for Faith and Family and Jewish Coalition for Religious Liberty, Amicus Curiae, represented by Deborah Dewart

Institute for Free Speech, Amicus Curiae, represented by Owen Dennis Yeates

Law and Economics Scholars, Amicus Curiae, represented by Sean Paul Gates

Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Sarah Patricia Hogarth

Massachusetts et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Elizabeth Napier Dewar

Mayor London Breed and the City and County of San Francisco, Amicus Curiae, represented by Julie H. Wilensky

Modern Military Association of America and Minority Veterans of America, Amicus Curiae, represented by Michael Evan Bern

Mountain States Legal Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by William E. Trachman

National Association of Evangelicals, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Frederick W. Claybrook Jr.

National League of Cities et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Aileen Marie McGrath

National Religious Broadcasters; American Family Association; The Briner Institute; Christian Professional Photographers; The Walk TV; and Turning Point USA, Amicus Curiae, represented by John Clay Sullivan

New York State Bar Association, Amicus Curiae, represented by Sherry Levin Wallach

Prof. Dale Carpenter, Prof. Eugene Volokh, Ilya Shapiro, American Unity Fund, and Hamilton Lincoln Law Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Eugene Volokh

Professor Christopher R. Green, Amicus Curiae, represented by Christopher Raymond Green

Public Accommodations Law Scholars, Amicus Curiae, represented by Joshua Adam Matz

Public Advocate of the United States, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by William Jeffrey Olson

Public Trust Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Andrew Martin Nussbaum

Scholars of Family and Sexuality, Amicus Curiae, represented by Dean Robert Broyles

The Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jonathan Philip Lienhard

The Cato Institute and Hamilton Lincoln Law Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Ilya Shapiro

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Richard Shawn Gunnarson

The First Amendment Scholars, Amicus Curiae, represented by Kenneth Clark Daines

The Freedom and Justice Foundation, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by David Charles McGrail

The Freedom From Religion Foundation, Center for Inquiry, American Humanist Association and American Atheists, Amicus Curiae, represented by Patrick C Elliott

The Western Jurisdiction of the United Methodist Church, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Roy T. Englert Jr.

Thomas More Law Center, Amicus Curiae, represented by Erin Elizabeth Mersino

Tyndale House Publishers; Peachtree Publishing Services, LLC; The Foundry Publishing; Harvest House Publishers, Inc.; Urban Ministries, Inc.; Whitaker House; The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago; Warner Press, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Christopher Ernest Mills

United States, Amicus Curiae, represented by Elizabeth B. Prelogar

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Colorado Catholic Conference, The General Council of the Assemblies of God, The General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, and Samaritan’s Purse, Amicus Curiae, represented by Eric Nieuwenhuis Kniffin

United States Senators and Representatives, Amicus Curiae, represented by John Michael Connolly

Walk for Life West Coast, Arizona Life Coalition, and Coalition for Life of Iowa, Amicus Curiae, represented by Samuel David Green

Website and Graphic Designers, Amicus Curiae, represented by William L. Esser IV

 
Last updated: November 22, 2022