Certiorari Granted

No. 22-555

NetChoice, LLC, dba NetChoice, et al. v. Ken Paxton, Attorney General of Texas

from the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

See other cases from the Fifth Circuit.

Docket Entries

Motion of the Solicitor General for leave to participate in oral argument as amicus curiae and for divided argument GRANTED.

Reply of NetChoice, LLC, dba NetChoice, et al. submitted.

Reply of petitioners NetChoice, LLC, dba NetChoice, et al. filed. (Distributed)

Record received from the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas. The record is electronic and is available with the Clerk.

Amicus brief of Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Babylon Bee and Not the Bee filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Donald W. Landry filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of The Center for American Liberty filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Eric Rasmusen filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Students at Columbia Against Censorship filed. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Senator Josh Hawley filed. (Distributed)

Brief amici curiae of Law and History Scholars filed. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Children’s Health Defense filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Life Legal Defense Foundation filed. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Open Markets Institute filed.(Jan. 30, 2023) VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amici curiae of iTexasPolitics, LLC d/b/a The Texan, et al. filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Center for Renewing America filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of The Rutherford Institute filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of David Mamet filed. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of American Principles Project filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amici curiae of Moms for Liberty, et al. filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amici curiae of iTexasPolitics, LLC d/b/a The Texan et al. filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of The Heartland Institute filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Amicus brief of The Center for American Liberty submitted.

Amicus brief of American Principles Project submitted.

Amicus brief of Moms for Liberty, Institute for Free Speech submitted.

Amicus brief of Babylon Bee and Not the Bee submitted.

Amicus brief of Law and History Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of Amicus Populi submitted.

Amicus brief of Donald W. Landry submitted.

Amicus brief of Senator Josh Hawley submitted.

Amicus brief of Children’s Health Defense submitted.

Amicus brief of The Rutherford Institute submitted.

Amicus brief of Life Legal Defense Foundation submitted.

Amicus brief of iTexasPolitics, LLC d/b/a The Texan and PowerHouse Management, Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of Open Markets Institute submitted.

Amicus brief of Eric Rasmusen submitted.

Amicus brief of Center for Renewing America submitted.

Amicus brief of David Mamet submitted.

Amicus brief of Students at Columbia Against Censorship submitted.

Amicus brief of The Heartland Institute submitted.

Brief amicus curiae of Amicus Populi filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Open Markets Institute filed (Jan. 30, 2024.) VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Professor Philip Hamburger filed. (Distributed)

Motion of United States for leave to participate in oral argument and for divided argument submitted.

Amicus brief of Keep the Republic submitted.

Brief amicus curiae of Keep the Republic filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of World Faith Foundation filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Motion of United States for leave to participate in oral argument as amicus curiae and for divided argument filed.

Brief amici curiae of States of Missouri, et al. filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Amicus brief of World Faith Foundation submitted.

Amicus brief of States of Missouri, Ohio, Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisana, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, N. Dakota, Oklahoma, S. Carolina, S. Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, AZ Legislature submitted.

Amicus brief of Professor Philip Hamburger submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Legal Scholars Adam Candeub & Adam MacLeod filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Amicus brief of The Digital Progress Institute submitted.

Record requested from the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas.

Amicus brief of Dr. Christos A. Makridis submitted.

Amicus brief of Legal Scholars Adam Canteub & Adam MacLeod submitted.

Amicus brief of Legal Scholars Adam Candeub & Adam MacLeod submitted.

Brief amicus curiae of The Digital Progress Institute filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of Dr. Christos A. Makridis filed. VIDED. (Distributed)

Record received from the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. The record is electronic and is available on PACER.

Brief of Angela Colmenero, in her Official Capacity as Provisional Attorney General of Texas submitted.

Brief of respondent Ken Paxton, Attorney General of Texas filed. (Distributed)

CIRCULATED.

Record requested from the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.

SET FOR ARGUMENT on Monday, February 26, 2024.

Amicus brief of U.S. Senator Ben Ray Luján submitted.

Amicus brief of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty in Support of Neither Party submitted.

Amicus brief of Reason Foundation, Committee for Justice, Competitive Enterprise Institute,Taxpayers Protection Alliance submitted.

Amicus brief of Amicus Curiae International Center for Law & Economics submitted.

Amicus brief of Protect the First Foundation submitted.

Amicus brief of Discord Inc. submitted.

Brief amicus curiae of Phoenix Center for Advanced Legal & Economic Public Policy Studies filed.

Brief amicus curiae of The Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Electronic Privacy Information Center supporting neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Electronic Privacy Information Center filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Moderators of R/Law and R/Scotus filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of New York, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Reason Foundation, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Center for Social Media and Politics at New York University, et al. in support of neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Marketplace Industry Association, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Former Representative Christopher Cox and Senator Ron Wyden filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Chamber of Progress, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Americans for Prosperity Foundation filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Center for Growth and Opportunity, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Amicus Curiae International Center for Law & Economics filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of States of New York, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The Anti-Defamation League in support of neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of American Jewish Committee filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law in support of neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Professor Christopher S. Yoo filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Electronic Frontier Foundation, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of U.S. Senator Ben Ray Luján filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Reason Foundation, Committee for Justice, Competitive Enterprise Institute,Taxpayers Protection Alliance filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The Trust & Safety Foundation filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The Center for Business and Human Rights of the Leonard N. Stern School of Business at New York University in support of neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Developers Alliance, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of National Security Experts in support of neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Marketplace Industry Association; et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Cato Institute filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Professors of History filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Article 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University in support of neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Public Knowledge filed. VIDED.

Amicus brief of United States submitted.

Amicus brief of The Trust & Safety Foundation submitted.

Amicus brief of States of New York, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawai‘I, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin, and the District of Columbia submitted.

Amicus brief of Electronic Frontier Foundation, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Amicus Curiae International Center for Law & Economics submitted.

Amicus brief of Chamber of Progress et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of American Jewish Committee submitted.

Amicus brief of Cato Institute submitted.

Amicus brief of National Taxpayers Union Foundation submitted.

Amicus brief of Professor Christopher S. Yoo submitted.

Amicus brief of Center for Democracy & Technology submitted.

Amicus brief of The Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America submitted.

Amicus brief of Francis Fukuyama submitted.

Amicus brief of Center for Growth and Opportunity, et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Phoenix Center for Advanced Legal & Economic Public Policy Studies submitted.

Amicus brief of Reddit, Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University submitted.

Amicus brief of Professors of History submitted.

Amicus brief of The Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law submitted.

Amicus brief of National Security Experts submitted.

Amicus brief of Electronic Privacy Information Center submitted.

Amicus brief of Internet Society submitted.

Amicus brief of Developers Alliance and Software & Information Industry Association submitted.

Amicus brief of The Anti-Defamation League submitted.

Amicus brief of The Center for Business and Human Rights of the Leonard N. Stern School of Business at New York University submitted.

Amicus brief of Article 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression submitted.

Amicus brief of Wikimedia Foundation submitted.

Amicus brief of Marketplace Industry Association; Etsy, Inc.; OfferUp, Inc.; and eBay, Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of American Center for Law and Justice submitted.

Amicus brief of Engine Advocacy submitted.

Amicus brief of Center for Social Media and Politics at New York University et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Economists of Technology Policy Institute submitted.

Amicus brief of Former Representative Chris Cox and Senator Ron Wyden submitted.

Amicus brief of Americans for Prosperity Foundation submitted.

Amicus brief of Moderators of R/Law and R/Scotus submitted.

Amicus brief of TechFreedom submitted.

Amicus brief of Public Knowledge submitted.

Brief amicus curiae of Discord Inc. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Center for Social Media and Politics at New York University et al. in support of neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Center for Democracy & Technology filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America filed.

Brief amicus curiae of American Center for Law and Justice in support neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Reddit, Inc. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Economists in support of neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Engine Advocacy filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Former Representative Chris Cox and Senator Ron Wyden filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Protect the First Foundation filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Internet Society filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of United States filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Chamber of Progress et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Francis Fukuyama filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of TechFreedom filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of National Taxpayers Union Foundation filed. VIDED.

Amicus brief of Amicus Curiae International Center for Law & Economics not accepted for filing. (Corrected electronic and paper format to be submitted--December 11, 2023)

Brief amicus curiae of Wikimedia Foundation filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Liberty Justice Center filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, et al. in support of neither party filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Foundation for Individual Rights and Expression filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Yelp Inc. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Bluesky, a Public Benefit Corporation, M. Chris Riley, an individual, and Floor64, Inc. d/b/a the Copia Institute filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of First Amendment and Internet Law Scholars filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty in support of neither party (December 14, 2023) filed. VIDED.

Amicus brief of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty in Support of Neither Party not accepted for filing. (Corrected version submitted--December 14, 2023)

Amicus brief of Yelp Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of Foundation for Individual Rights and Expression submitted.

Amicus brief of Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence submitted.

Brief amicus curiae of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty in Support of Neither Party(DEC 14, 2023) filed. VIDED.

Amicus brief of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty in Support of Neither Party not accepted for filing. (Corrected version submitted) (December 14, 2023)

Amicus brief of First Amendment and Internet Law Scholars submitted.

Amicus brief of Bluesky, a Public Benefit Corporation, M. Chris Riley, an individual, and Floor64, Inc. d/b/a the Copia Institute submitted.

Amicus brief of Liberty Justice Center submitted.

Amicus brief of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty in Support of Neither Party submitted.

Brief amicus curiae of Washington Legal Foundation filed. VIDED.

Amicus brief of Internet Works, Glassdoor, LLC, Indeed, Inc., Nextdoor, Inc., Mozilla Corporation, Pinterest, Inc., Tripadvisor, LLC, Tumblr, Inc., Vimeo, Inc. submitted.

Amicus brief of Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press et al. submitted.

Amicus brief of Professor Eric Goldman submitted.

Amicus brief of Professors Richard L. Hasen, Brendan Nyhan, and Amy Wilentz submitted.

Amicus brief of Goldwater Institute submitted.

Amicus brief of Washington Legal Foundation submitted.

Brief amici curiae of Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Professors Richard L. Hasen, Brendan Nyhan, and Amy Wilentz filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Goldwater Institute filed. VIDED.

Brief amici curiae of Internet Works, et al. filed. VIDED.

Brief amicus curiae of Professor Eric Goldman filed. VIDED.

Brief of petitioners NetChoice, LLC, dba NetChoice, et al. filed.

Joint appendix filed.

Brief amicus curiae of Media Law Resource Center, Inc. filed. VIDED

The following briefing schedule is adopted: Respondents in No. 22-277 and petitioners in No. 22-555 shall file opening briefs on the merits on or before Thursday, November 30, 2023, and the briefs shall bear a light blue cover. Any brief of an amicus curiae in support or in support of neither party shall be filed on or before Thursday, December 7, 2023, and the brief shall bear a light green cover. Petitioners in No. 22-277 and respondents in No. 22-555 shall file response briefs on the merits on or before Tuesday, January 16, 2024, and those briefs shall bear a light red cover. Any brief of an amicus curiae in support shall be filed on or before Tuesday, January 23, 2024, and the briefs shall bear a dark green cover. Reply briefs shall be filed in compliance with Rule 25.3, and the briefs shall bear a yellow cover. An amicus curiae shall file only a single brief in these cases.

Petition GRANTED limited to Questions 1 and 2 presented by the Solicitor General in her brief for the United States as amicus curiae.

Supplemental brief of petitioners NetChoice, LLC, dba NetChoice, et al. filed. (Distributed)

DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 9/26/2023.

Supplemental brief of respondent Angela Colmenero, in her Official Capacity as Provisional Attorney General of Texas filed. (Distributed)

Brief amicus curiae of United States filed. VIDED.

The Solicitor General is invited to file a brief in this case expressing the views of the United States.

DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/20/2023.

Reply of petitioners NetChoice, LLC, dba NetChoice, et al. filed. (Distributed)

Letter dated December 20, 2022, from counsel for respondent filed.

Response to petition from respondent Ken Paxton, Attorney General of Texas filed.

Petition for a writ of certiorari filed. (Response due January 18, 2023)

Parties

NetChoice, LLC, dba NetChoice, et al., Petitioner, represented by Scott A. Keller

Angela Colmenero, in her Official Capacity as Provisional Attorney General of Texas, Respondent, represented by Aaron Lloyd Nielson

Angela Colmenero, in her Official Capacity as Provisional Attorney General of Texas, Respondent, represented by Lanora Christine Pettit

Ken Paxton, Attorney General of Texas, Respondent, represented by Aaron Lloyd Nielson

Amici Curiae

American Center for Law and Justice, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jay Alan Sekulow

American Jewish Committee, Amicus Curiae, represented by Aaron Edgar Nathan

American Principles Project, Amicus Curiae, represented by Theodore Mark Cooperstein

Americans for Prosperity Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Cynthia Fleming Crawford

Amicus Curiae International Center for Law & Economics, Amicus Curiae, represented by Constance Lynn Pfeiffer

Amicus Populi, Amicus Curiae, represented by Mitchell Keiter

Article 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression, Amicus Curiae, represented by Megan Marie Coker

Babylon Bee and Not the Bee, Amicus Curiae, represented by Patrick Strawbridge

Bluesky, a Public Benefit Corporation, M. Chris Riley, an individual, and Floor64, Inc. d/b/a the Copia Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Catherine Rachel Gellis

Cato Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Thomas Arthur Berry

Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence, Amicus Curiae, represented by Anthony Thomas Caso

Center for Democracy & Technology, Amicus Curiae, represented by Andrew John Pincus

Center for Growth and Opportunity, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Andrew C. Nichols

Center for Renewing America, Amicus Curiae, represented by Richard A. Epstein

Center for Social Media and Politics at New York University et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Jacob Mandell Karr

Chamber of Progress et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Mark William Brennan

Children’s Health Defense, Amicus Curiae, represented by Mary Holland

David Mamet, Amicus Curiae, represented by Marc Arthur Greendorfer

Developers Alliance and Software & Information Industry Association, Amicus Curiae, represented by Ari Benjamin Asher Holtzblatt

Discord Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Rebecca Leah Tushnet

Donald W. Landry, Amicus Curiae, represented by Joel Bernard Ard

Dr. Christos A. Makridis, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jonathan Shae Goldstein

Economists of Technology Policy Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jennifer Beth Tatel

Electronic Frontier Foundation, et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by David Allen Greene

Electronic Privacy Information Center, Amicus Curiae, represented by Alan Jay Butler

Engine Advocacy, Amicus Curiae, represented by Benjamin William Berkowitz

Eric Rasmusen, Amicus Curiae, represented by James Bopp Jr.

First Amendment and Internet Law Scholars, Amicus Curiae, represented by Gautam Singh Hans

Former Representative Chris Cox and Senator Ron Wyden, Amicus Curiae, represented by David Morris Gossett

Former Representative Christopher Cox and Senator Ron Wyden, Amicus Curiae, represented by David Morris Gossett

Foundation for Individual Rights and Expression, Amicus Curiae, represented by Robert Lawrence Corn-Revere

Francis Fukuyama, Amicus Curiae, represented by Seth D. Greenstein

Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, Amicus Curiae, represented by Kelly Marita Percival

Goldwater Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Timothy Mason Sandefur

Internet Society, Amicus Curiae, represented by Raechel Keay Kummer

Internet Works, Glassdoor, LLC, Indeed, Inc., Nextdoor, Inc., Mozilla Corporation, Pinterest, Inc., Tripadvisor, LLC, Tumblr, Inc., Vimeo, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Jean-Paul Jassy

iTexasPolitics, LLC d/b/a The Texan and PowerHouse Management, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Evan Miles Goldberg

Keep the Republic, Amicus Curiae, represented by Eric Alan Hudson

Law and History Scholars, Amicus Curiae, represented by Glenn Edward Chappell

Legal Scholars Adam Candeub & Adam MacLeod, Amicus Curiae, represented by Kenneth James Weatherwax

Legal Scholars Adam Canteub & Adam MacLeod, Amicus Curiae, represented by Kenneth James Weatherwax

Liberty Justice Center, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jacob H. Huebert

Life Legal Defense Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Catherine Wynne Short

Media Law Resource Center, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by George Freeman

Moderators of R/Law and R/Scotus, Amicus Curiae, represented by Gabriel Akiva Zabow Latner

Moms for Liberty, Institute for Free Speech, Amicus Curiae, represented by Alan Gura

National Security Experts, Amicus Curiae, represented by Mary B. McCord

National Taxpayers Union Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Tyler Leandro Martinez

Open Markets Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jay L. Himes

Phoenix Center for Advanced Legal & Economic Public Policy Studies, Amicus Curiae, represented by Lawrence Jay Spiwak

Professor Eric Goldman, Amicus Curiae, represented by Michael Soonuk Kwun

Professor Philip Hamburger, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jonathan F. Mitchell

Professors of History, Amicus Curiae, represented by Theodore J. Boutrous Jr.

Professors Richard L. Hasen, Brendan Nyhan, and Amy Wilentz, Amicus Curiae, represented by Richard Hasen

Protect the First Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Gene Clayton Schaerr

Public Knowledge, Amicus Curiae, represented by John David Bergmayer

Reason Foundation, Committee for Justice, Competitive Enterprise Institute,Taxpayers Protection Alliance, Amicus Curiae, represented by Erik S. Jaffe

Reddit, Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Michael Robert Huston

Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press et al., Amicus Curiae, represented by Bruce David Brown

Senator Josh Hawley, Amicus Curiae, represented by Joshua David Hawley

States of Missouri, Ohio, Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisana, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, N. Dakota, Oklahoma, S. Carolina, S. Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, AZ Legislature, Amicus Curiae, represented by Joshua Michael Divine

Students at Columbia Against Censorship, Amicus Curiae, represented by Marc Arthur Greendorfer

TechFreedom, Amicus Curiae, represented by Corbin Knight Barthold

The Anti-Defamation League, Amicus Curiae, represented by Steven M. Freeman

The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty in Support of Neither Party, Amicus Curiae, represented by Eric Christopher Rassbach

The Center for American Liberty, Amicus Curiae, represented by Randall Wilson Miller

The Center for Business and Human Rights of the Leonard N. Stern School of Business at New York University, Amicus Curiae, represented by Timothy Kelso Gilman

The Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America, Amicus Curiae, represented by Michael R. Dreeben

The Digital Progress Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by Joel L Thayer

The Heartland Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by James Ruffin Lawrence III

The Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Amicus Curiae, represented by David Ryan Brody

The Rutherford Institute, Amicus Curiae, represented by John W. Whitehead

The Trust & Safety Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Ian C. Ballon

The United States Chamber of Commerce, Amicus Curiae, represented by Jonathan Podolsky Schneller

United States, Amicus Curiae, represented by Elizabeth B. Prelogar

U.S. Senator Ben Ray Luján, Amicus Curiae, represented by James Michael Showalter

Washington Legal Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by John Mercer Masslon II

Wikimedia Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by Kathleen Roberta Hartnett

World Faith Foundation, Amicus Curiae, represented by James L. Hirsen

Yelp Inc., Amicus Curiae, represented by Anna-Rose Mathieson

 
Last updated: May 21, 2024